Distance Between Dates – Timing Of Events

By Rabbi Dr. Hillel ben David (Greg Killian)

 

In this study I would like to understand the Jewish calendar better by examing the unique timing of various events.

 

Nisan

Iyar

Sivan

Tammuz

Av

Elul

Tishri

Cheshvan

Kislev

Tevet

Shevat

Adar

30

29

30

29

30

29

30

29/30

29/30

29

30

29

 

Event 1

Event 2

Days separating events

Nisan 1 (New Year for Kings)

Tishri 1 (New Year for Gentile Kings)

177 days

Tekufa of Nisan (Vernal equinox)

Tekufa of Tishri (Autumnal equinox)

185 days

Nisan 10, 5772 (HaGadole)

Tishri 1, 5776

1260 days

Nisan 15 (Pesach)

Up to and including Tishri 22 (Shemini Atzeret)

185 days

Nisan 15 (Pesach)

Pesach Sheni

30 days

Nisan 16 (Pesach)

Iyar 18 (Lag B’Omer)

33 days

Nisan 16 (Pesach)

Sivan 6 (Shavuot)

7 times 7 + 1 = 50 days (Sfirat HaOmer)

Nisan 21 (Pesach)

Sivan 6 (Shavuot)

42 days

Nisan 27 (Yom HaShoah)

 

 

Iyar 5 (Yom HaZikaron / Memorial Day)

 

 

Iyar 18 (Lag B’Omer)

Sivan 6 (Shavuot)

17 days

Iyar 28 (Yom Yerushalayim / Jerusalem Day)

 

 

Sivan 6 (Shavuot)

Tammuz 17 (fast)

40 days (Moshe’s 1st trip. People sinned after 39 days)

Sivan 6 (Shavuot)

Av 9 (Tisha B’Av)

62 days

Sivan 29

Av 8

39 days (Spies spied out eretz Israel)

Tammuz 17 (fast)

Av 9 (Tisha B’Av)

21 days (The Three Weeks - Bein Hametzarim)

Tammuz 17 (fast)

Elul 1

40 days (Moshe’s 2nd trip)

Av 9 (Tisha B’Av)

Tu B’Av

7 days

Av 9 (Tisha B’Av)

Tishri 1 (Yom Teruah / Rosh Hashana)

7 times 7 + 1 = 50 days (7 Sabbaths of Consolation)

Av 15 (Tu B’Av)

Elul 25 (Creation of the World)

40 days

Av 1

Tishri 1 (Yom Teruah / Rosh Hashana)

9 days

Elul 1 (Teshuvah – New Year for Titheing cattle)

Tishri 1 (Yom Teruah / Rosh HashanaNew Year for Years)

29 days

Elul 1 (Teshuvah – New Year for Titheing cattle)

Tishri 3 (Tzom Gedalia Fast)

32 days

Elul 1 (Teshuvah – New Year for Titheing cattle)

Tishri 10 (Yom HaKippurim)

40 days (Moshe’s 3rd trip)

Elul 1

Tishri 21 (Hosahana Rabbah)

7 times 7 + 1 = 50 days (Teshuva)

Tishri 1-2 (Yom Teruah / Rosh HashanaNew Year for Years)

Tishri 10 (Yom HaKippurim) - exclusive

7 days

Tishri 1-2 (Yom Teruah / Rosh HashanaNew Year for Years)

Tishri 10 (Yom HaKippurim) - inclusive

10 days (The awesome days / Yamim Noraim)

Tishri 1-2 (Yom Teruah / Rosh HashanaNew Year for Years)

Tishri 15-21 (Succoth)

14-21 days

Tishri 1-2 (Yom Teruah / Rosh HashanaNew Year for Years)

Tishri 22 (Shemini Atzeret)

22 days

Tishri 3 (Tzom Gedalia Fast)

 

 

Tishri 10 (Yom HaKippurim)

Tishri 15 (Succoth)

4 days

Tishri 10 (Yom HaKippurim)

Tishri 22 (Shemini Atzeret / Simchat Torah)

12 days

Tishri 12, 5769

Nisan 1, 5772

1260 days

Tishri 15 (Succoth day 1)

Kislev 25 (Chanukah day 1)

70 days

Tishri 16 (Succoth day 2)

Kislev 26 (Chanukah day 2)

70 days

Tishri 17 (Succoth day 3)

Kislev 27 (Chanukah day 3)

70 days

Tishri 18 (Succoth day 4)

Kislev 28 (Chanukah day 4)

70 days

Tishri 19 (Succoth day 5)

Kislev 29 (Chanukah day 5)

70 days

Tishri 20 (Succoth day 6)

Kislev 30 / Tevet 1 (Chanukah day 6)

70 days

Tishri 21 (Succoth day 7)

Tevet 1    (Chanukah day 7)

70 days

Tishri 15 (Succoth)

Tevet 2 (Chanukah – day 8)

78 days

Tishri 22 (Shemini Atzeret / Simchat Torah)

Kislev 25 (Chanukah)

61 / 62 days

Tishri 22 (Shemini Atzeret / Simchat Torah)

Tevet 2 (Chanukah – day 8)

70 days

Kislev 25 (Chanukah)

Tevet 10 (Asarah B’Tevet)

15 / 16 days

Kislev 25 (Chanukah)

Shevat 15 (Tu B’ShevatNew Year for trees)

48 / 49 days

Kislev 25 (Chanukah)

Adar 14 (Purim)

77 days

Kislev 25 (Chanukah)

Tevet 2 (Chanukah)

8 days

Kislev 25 (Chanukah)

Tu B’Av

40 weeks

Tevet 10

Shevat 15 (Tu B’Shevat)

33 days

Tevet 10, 5772

Tammuz 17, 5775

42 months

Tevet 10, 5775

Tammuz 17, 5778

42 months

Shevat 15 (Tu B’ShevatNew Year for trees)

Adar 25 (Creation of the World – alternative)

40 days

Shevat 15 (Tu B’ShevatNew Year for trees)

Adar 15 (Shushan Purim)

30 days

Shevat 15 (Tu B’ShevatNew Year for trees)

II Adar 15 (Shushan Purim)

60 days

Shevat 15 (Tu B’ShevatNew Year for trees)

Nisan 15 (Passover)

59 days or 89 days

Shevat 15 (Tu B’ShevatNew Year for trees)

Sivan 6 (Shavuot)

109 days or 139 days

Shevat 15 (Tu B’ShevatNew Year for trees)

Tammuz 17

150 days or 180 days

Shevat 15 (Tu B’ShevatNew Year for trees)

Av 9

171 days or 201 days

Shevat 15 (Tu B’ShevatNew Year for trees)

Av 15 (Tu B’Av)

177 days or 207 days

I Adar 14 (Purim Katan)

II Adar 14 (Purim Gadole)

30 days

Adar 1

Heshvan 29

265 days or 294 days

Adar 7 (Moshe died)

Nisan 16 (manna stopped)

39 days

Adar 13 (Taanit Esther Fast)

 

 

Adar 14 (Purim)

Nisan 15-21 (Pesach)

30 days

Adar 14 (Purim)

Iyar 18 (Lag B’Omer)

8 times 8 = 64 days

Adar 15 (Shushan Purim)

 

 


 

First

Date

Till

Second

Date

Length

Of

Time

Event

 

 

 

 

 

Pesach

till

Shavuot

50 days

7 weeks

The counting of the omer. Between Pesach and Shavuot we are obligated to count seven times seven. Seven represents the physical world, which was created in seven days. The multiplication of seven by seven represents the totality of the physical world. In the days between Pesach and Shavuot we master our ability to infuse the physical world with spirituality.

Pesach

till

Pesach Sheni

30 days

 

Pesach

till

Tammuz 17

92 days

 

Pesach

till

Ab 9

113 days

 

Pesach

till

Ab 15

119 days

 

Pesach

till

Rosh Hashana

163 days

 

Pesach

till

Yom Kippurim

173 days

 

Pesach

till

Succoth

178 days

 

Shavuot

till

Tammuz 16

40 days

Tammuz 16 is the day the golden calf was fashioned.

Shavuot

till

Rosh Hashana

113 days

 

Shavuot

till

Yom Kippurim

120 days

 

Sivan 7

till

Tammuz 17

40 days

Moses on Sinai to receive the tablets.

Tammuz 17

till

Tisha B’Ab

21 days

Three weeks

Time of mourning for the Temple.

 

Tammuz 17

till

Elul 1

40 days

Moshe’s second trip on Mt. Sinai.

Tammuz 18

till

Ab 30

40 days

Moses on Sinai to ask forgiveness for the sin of the golden calf

Tisha B’Ab (Ab 9)

till

Tu B’Ab

7 days

Inclusive. Since the ninth of Av (Tishah B'Av) recalls the history of Jewish tragedy, the full moon of Av is said to represent the transformation of tragedy into joy.

Tisha B’Ab (Ab 9)

till

Rosh Hashana

7 weeks

(50 days)

Seven Shabbotot of consolation between Tisha B’Ab and Rosh Hashanah. The Shechinah moves from the highest level of Heaven to the lowest level over the course of the seven weeks of consolation. And, as much as Shabbat Nachamu implies that the consolation is complete and instantaneous right after Tisha B’ab, the real reality is that full consolation cannot come until Rosh Hashanah, when The King has officially arrived.

Tu B’Ab

till

Elul 25

40 Days

40 days before a child is born, a person’s marriage partner, mission, and status are determined by HaShem. Elul 25 is the first day of creation. Man was created on Tishri 1[1].

Elul 1

till

Tishri 10

40 days

Moses on Sinai to get the second set of tablets.

Rosh Hashana

till

Yom Kippurim

10 days

The yamim noraim – The Awesome Days - the Days of Repentance.

Rosh Hashana

till

Shemini Atzeret

21 days

The word Ach has the numerical value of twenty-one, alluding to Tishri's twenty-one days up to Shemini Atzeret, as if to suggest that those days and the performance of their commandments prepare the nation for the explosion of joy that takes place on Shemini Atzeret.

Rosh Hashana

till

Tammuz 17

40 weeks

Yosef and Shmuel were promised on Yom Teruah and born on Tammuz 17.

Yom Kippurim

till

Succoth

4 days

 

Succoth

till

Chanukah

70 days

If Kislev has 30 days.

Shemini Atzeret

till

Cheshvan 7

15 days

Zayin MarCheshvan is the day when Jews in Eretz Yisrael begin "to ask for rain; fifteen days after the festival [of Succoth.]"[Taanit 10a] For during the time of the Beit HaMikdash, Jews made a thrice-yearly pilgrimage to the Beit HaMikdash: for Pesach, Shavuot and Succoth. Even the pilgrim who lived at the farthest boundary of Eretz Yisrael and had the greatest distance to travel back home from Jerusalem after spending Succoth there, had already returned home by Zayin MarCheshvan and wouldn't be inconvenienced by the rain that was now being prayed for.

Thus, from the day following the festival up until Zayin MarCheshvan, the spiritual state of ascent enjoyed by the Jewish people during their pilgrimage still continued. Beginning with Zayin MarCheshvan, all the Jews were already home and thus in a state of spiritual descent relative to their lofty state while in Jerusalem, where they came face to face with G-d.

Shemini Atzeret

till

Chanukah

60 days

If Kislev has only 29 days.

Chanukah

till

Tu B’Ab

40 weeks

In a leap year.

Chanukah (Last day)

till

Rosh Chodesh Shevat

29 days

From the last day of Chanukah until and including Rosh Chodesh Shevat there are 29 days.

Chanukah (Last Day)

till

Purim

70 days.

From the last day of Chanukah and day of Purim inclusive, with 70 days in between

Shevat 1

till

Adar 6

36 days

Moses teaches Devarim and says farewell.

Shevat 1

till

Nisan 10

70 days

There are 70 days from the 1st Shevat when Moshe began to expound the Torah (Devarim 1:3), until 10th Nisan when they crossed the Jordan, during which time neither they, nor their children had been punished.

Shevat 2

Till

Tu B’Shebat

14 days.

From the 2nd of Shevat until and including Tu b'Shevat there are 14 days.

Tu B’Shevat

till

Purim

30 days

 

Tu B’Shebat

till

Adar 25

40 Days

40 days before a child is born, a person’s marriage partner, mission, and status are determined by HaShem. Adar 25 is the first day of creation. Man was created on Nisan 1[2].

Tu B’Shebat

till

Pesach

60 days

BiModality note:  New year for trees occurs 60 days before seven day festival of Pesach

Fast of Esther

(Adar 13)

till

Tisha B’Ab

144 days

 

Purim

till

Pesach

30 days  /

4 weeks

From Purim to Pesach is thirty days ... (Sanhedrin 12b). The Talmud states that thirty days in advance of every Jewish holiday, one should make a point of beginning to learn the halachos of the upcoming holiday, to become sufficiently familiar with them. (Shulchan Aruch 429–1) [Megillah 4a. This is learned from the fact that in the desert, the Jews who were unable to celebrate Pesach on the fifteenth day of Nissan were told that in thirty days, on the fifteenth of Iyar, they were to celebrate what would become known as Pesach Sheni (Pesachim 6a).] However, if one make a simple calculation, he will see that thirty days in advance of Pesach is Purim...

Purim

till

Lag B’Omer

64 days

There are exactly sixty-four days between Purim and Lag Ba’Omer. Sixty-four days is equivalent to eight multiplied by eight. The number eight represents the spiritual world. The multiplication of eight by eight represents the totality of the spiritual world. Purim and Lag Ba’Omer are one holiday that is broken up into two parts. The holiness of this single holiday begins on Purim. On this day Hashem reveals his hidden guidance of this world. We then spiritually refine ourselves in sequences of eight until we reach the eighth of the eighth, which is Lag Ba’Omer. We then merit to discover the secrets of Torah. The period between Purim and Lag Ba’Omer is the time we master our spiritual understanding of HaShem and his Torah.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


After giving birth to a male child on Tishri  23 (day after circumcision) + 33 days (of uncleaness) = Heshvan 25.

 

After giving birth to a female child on Tishri  23 (day after circumcision) + 66 days (of uncleaness) = Kislev 25. Thus, if Yeshua had been a female, then The Feast of the Presentation of Jesus at the Temple would have occurred on Chanukah.

 

 

Just as Shavuot (the moment of revelation at Sinai) comes after the 49 days of counting the Omer, so does Shemini Atzeret come after the 49 days of Elul + the days of Tishri (Rosh Hashana is 49 hours and is considered one long day). Each of these days is a kind of atzeret, a pause, a day of extra connection with God at the end of a long journey. The Torah is given on the atzeret of Shavuot and we rejoice in the Torah (Simcha Torah) on Shemini Atzeret. Clearly there is a very dynamic connection between these two periods of forty-nine days!

 

Jewish Leap years occur 7 times in a 19 year cycle. In the 3rd, 6th, 8th, 11th, 14th, 17th and 19th years of the 19 year cycle (modulo 19), the extra month, of Adar ב, is inserted to keep the holidays in sync with the seasons.

 

Ashkenazi communities recite Tehillim (Psalm) 27 (HaShem is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear?) at the conclusion of Shacharit and Maariv betweem Elul 1 and Hoshana Rabba on Tishri 21. This helps us see more clearly the importance of this 49 +1 day period.

In this next part of my study I would like to see the time of year when the Annual Torah Lectionary crosses the path of the Triennial (Septennial) Torah Lectionary. I would like to see what patterns come from the timing of the crossings.

 

YEAR 1

 

October 25, 2008 (Tishri 26, 5769)

A = Bereshit 1:1 – 6:8 (Bereshit)

T = Bereshit 3:22 – 4-26 (Hen HaAdam)

Shabbat Mevar’chin HaChodesh.

 

Leaving Gan Eden, Cain and Abel, early generations till Seth.

 

YEAR 2

 

February 20, 2010 (Adar 6, 5770)

            A = Shemot 25:1 – 27:19 (Terumah)

            T = Shemot 26:1-30 (V’Et HaMishkan Ta’aseh)

Fast of Esther is on Adar 11.

 

Building the Mishkan. Zealous Pinchas.

 

YEAR 3

 

July 9, 2011 (Tammuz 7, 5771)

            A = BaMidbar 22:2 – 25:9 (Balak)

            T = BaMidbar 23:10 – 25:9 (Mi Manah)

 

Balak and Balaam.

 

July 14, 2011 (Tammuz 14, 5771)

            A = BaMidbar 25:10 – 30:1 (Pinchas)

            T = BaMidbar 25:10 – 26:51 (Pinchas)

Fast of Tammuz 17.

 

Pinchas priesthood, plague, census.


YEAR 5

 

December 22, 2012 (Tebet 9, 5773)

            A = Bereshit 44:18 – 47:27 (Vayigash)

            T = Bereshit 44:18 – 46:27 (Vayigash)

Tekufah of Tebet.

Fast of Tebet 10.

 

Judah pleads with Yosef, Ani Yosef, Yaakov and his family go to Egypt.

 

YEAR 6

 

May 3, 2014 (Iyar 3, 5774)

            A = Vayikra 21:1 – 24:23 (Emor)

            T = Vayikra 21:1 – 22:16 (Emor)

Yom HaZikaron is on Iyar 5.

 

Kohen behavior, blemished Kohen, rules of eating.

 

YEAR 8

 

October 10, 2015 (Tishri 27, 5776)

            A = Bereshit 1:1 – 6:8 (Bereshit)

            T = Bereshit 3:22 – 4:26 (Hen HaAdam)

Shabbat Mevar’chin HaChodesh.

 

Leaving Gan Eden, Cain and Abel, early generations till Seth.

 

 

 


* * *

 

This study was written by

Rabbi Dr. Hillel ben David

(Greg Killian).

Comments may be submitted to:

 

Rabbi Dr. Greg Killian

4544 Highline Drive SE

Olympia, WA 98501

 

Internet address:  gkilli@aol.com

Web page:  http://www.betemunah.org/

 

(360) 918-2905

 

Return to The WATCHMAN home page

Send comments to Greg Killian at his email address: gkilli@aol.com

 

 



[1] Rosh HaShana 10a

[2] Rosh HaShana 11a